serrsBayes provides model-based quantification of surface-enhanced resonance Raman spectroscopy (SERRS) using sequential Monte Carlo (SMC) algorithms. The details of the Bayesian model and informative priors are provided in the arXiv preprint, Moores et al. (2016; v2 2018) “Bayesian modelling and quantification of Raman spectroscopy.” Development of this software was supported by the UK Engineering & Physical Sciences Research Council (EPSRC) programme grant “In Situ Nanoparticle Assemblies for Healthcare Diagnostics and Therapy” (ref: EP/L014165/1).

Installation Instructions

Stable releases, including binary packages for Windows & Mac OS, are available from CRAN:


The current development version can be installed from GitHub:


Example Usage

To simulate a synthetic Raman spectrum with known parameters:


wavenumbers <- seq(700,1400,by=2)
spectra <- matrix(nrow=1, ncol=length(wavenumbers))
peakLocations <- c(840,  960, 1140, 1220, 1290)
peakAmplitude <- c(11500, 2500, 4000, 3000, 2500)
peakScale <- c(10, 15, 20, 10, 12)
signature <- weightedLorentzian(peakLocations, peakScale, peakAmplitude, wavenumbers)
baseline <- 1000*cos(wavenumbers/200) + 2*wavenumbers
spectra[1,] <- signature + baseline + rnorm(length(wavenumbers),0,200)
plot(wavenumbers, spectra[1,], type='l', xlab=expression(paste("Raman shift (cm"^{-1}, ")")), ylab="Intensity (a.u.)")
lines(wavenumbers, baseline, col=2, lty=4)
lines(wavenumbers, baseline + signature, col=4, lty=2, lwd=2)

Fit the model using SMC:

lPriors <- list( - (0.4^2)/2,, bl.smooth=10^11, bl.knots=50,
tm <- system.time(result <- fitSpectraSMC(wavenumbers, spectra, peakLocations, lPriors))

Sample 200 particles from the posterior distribution:

#>    user  system elapsed 
#>  450.61    4.12  116.87
samp.idx <-$weights), 200, prob=result$weights)
plot(wavenumbers, spectra[1,], type='l', xlab=expression(paste("Raman shift (cm"^{-1}, ")")), ylab="Intensity (a.u.)")
for (pt in samp.idx) {
  bl.est <- result$basis %*% result$alpha[,1,pt]
  lines(wavenumbers, bl.est, col="#C3000009")
  lines(wavenumbers, bl.est + result$expFn[pt,], col="#0000C309")